To summarize, state or government based Indian child removal was the reason for the creation of the Indian Child Welfare Act or ICWA. Unfortunately, ICWA created a baseline to the status quo and the damage done to Indian people and communities continued. It was preventable through the use of legal Guardianship! I have a working example of how having a Guardianship changes the dynamic which I discuss on my website. Part of that discussion can be found under the Products tab and subject heading of American Indian Probate (www.educationalfamilyestateapps.com). It seems no one else saw the solution or had an interest in stopping the abuses of state based removal actions. Unfortunately, the system of status quo represents a gravy train at the expense of human lives.